In order to understand fine art photography, one must first know what fine art is.
Fine art is often associated with any art form of visual arts, i.e., painting, sculpture etc. In fine art the artists, especially the visual artists, delve deeper into their own interpretation of a subject. They may represent a real life scene or a situation with their own values of aesthetics. There are no guidelines of good or bad. It’s the connoisseurs and the spectators who decide whether an artwork has merit or not. But for the artists, there is no good or bad in creating a fine art artwork. They remain engulfed in pouring out their thoughts and creativity into their artworks.
Not unlike, fine art photography is not a mere representation of a real life scene through a camera. The photographer, often called a visual artist if one is involved in practising fine art photography, puts his own aesthetic sensibilities and emotions while producing a photograph. He applies his thought process in the creation of artworks while shooting a scene with his camera, during post-processing and lastly during printing a photograph. Thus through his picture the fine art photographer evokes the same emotions among the viewers that the artist might have felt during process of creating an artwork; for example, a fine art landscape picture takes a viewer to the scene and makes him feel there in the wide vistas of nature.
So we can say that in fine art, the artist’s creative vision tells everything in his artwork, whether it’s a painting, sculpture or photography, thus making this form of art one of the hardest forms to understand for the commons.